Tese de Doutorado - Samuel Pacitti Gentil

Discretization of "four-vertex type" theorems for spatial and spherical polygons

The aim of this work is to study a certain class of spatial polygons and prove theorems on the minimal number of flattenings that such polygons must have. In order to do this, we investigate spherical polygons which are not contained in any closed hemisphere and deduce, among many results, that under certain hypotheses such spherical polygons have a nontrivial lower bound on the number of spherical inflections.